“Nigeria Imports 90% Of Its Vaccines, Pharmaceuticals” – Okonjo-Iweala

The Director-General of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala lamented over the dependence of Africa countries on developed countries for COVID-19 vaccine.

Dr. Okonjo-Iweala

Okonjo-Iweala said the continent(Africa) imports 90 percent of its vaccines and pharmaceuticals.

While speaking virtually at this year’s National Diaspora Day celebration with the theme: “Diaspora Integration for National Peace and Development” organized by Nigeria in Diaspora Commission (NIDCOM) in Abuja, Sunday, she said it is necessary for the continent to create a roadmap to boost its capacity to produce COVID-19 vaccines.

She noted that Nigeria can produce its own vaccines, adding that two Nigerians in the diaspora have developed vaccines.

“I am quite worried and that is why we tried to bring these CEOs of the major manufacturing companies from Moderna to Pfizer to AstraZeneca, J&J, the Chinese one and now Russia also. They have told us all the numbers and how they are trying to increase production,” WTO DG said.

“The vaccine volume is actually increasing. In June, they had 1.1 billion doses more vaccines produced in the world, 45 per cent more than the amount in May. That’s the good news. The bad news is that most of those doses ended up in the developed countries and the vaccine inequity continues and that is why we are trying to work with them (vaccine producers) to change the story.

“We understand that COVAX where I was one of the founding members is being to do better. It will be able to send more vaccines. It has already sent 130 million doses to developing countries but it was supposed to have done about 500 million by now.

“So hopefully this will happen this summer, July-August, so that will improve things a little. But what we are trying to do is to say let us not be dependent on other people all the time.

“We cannot as a continent continue to import 99 percent of our vaccines and 90 percent of our pharmaceuticals. What we are now pushing is for them to develop that industry in African.

“And the AU ACDC is working very hard and in our country the minister of health, the CDC have been working very hard to also see that we can attract some of these companies. We can even develop our own vaccines, two Nigerians in the diaspora I hear have developed vaccines that they are experimenting with now. So that is the right direction.”